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Models of Jesus in the Gospels

The concept of Models in reference to Jesus


"The word τύπος invariably has the primary meaning of “model” or “pattern.” Typology will, therefore, be concerned with persons, events, etc. which are viewed as models or patterns for other persons, events, etc." (1) As it is applied to Jesus, he becomes the "visual form designed to be imitated or copied—‘model, pattern'" (2). 


The models presented here are used in my New Testament Classes to introduce students to some of the basic pictures of Jesus in the Gospels*. This is how they saw him. This is how they wanted us to see Jesus


(1) France, R. T. Jesus and the Old Testament: His Application of Old Testament Passages to Himself and His Mission.  (Downers Grove, IL: Inter-Varsity Press, 1971), 38.

(2) Johannes P. Louw and Eugene Albert Nida, Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament: Based on Semantic Domains (New York: United Bible Societies, 1996), 591.




Harrington, Daniel J. Jesus : a Historical Portrait. Cincinnati, OH : St. Anthony Messenger Press, 2007.

Imperato, Robert. Portraits of Jesus.  Lanham, MD: University Press of America, 2008.

Scholz, Daniel. Jesus in the Gospels and Acts. Winona, MN: Saint Mary Press, 2009.

Senior, Donald. Jesus: A Gospel Portrait. New York: Paulist Press, 1992.

Strauss, Mark L. Four Portraits, One Jesus : an Introduction to Jesus and the Gospels. Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 2007.


Last update 1 September 2015


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